The Evolving Conflict in the South Asia Report N°24111 Dec 2012 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Thailand: The Evolving Conflict in the South Asia Report N°24111 Dec 2012 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS RECOMMENDATIONS To the Government of Thailand: 1. Develop a unified approach to transforming the conflict based on full implementation of the National Security Council (NSC) Administration and Development Policy for Southern Border Provinces, 2012-2014, by undertaking to: a) create a cross-party consensus, possibly embodied in a national accord, that resolution of the conflict is a national priority; b) establish a durable non-partisan mechanism mandated by the prime minister’s office and including respected individuals, in and out of government, to pursue dialogue with insurgent representatives; c) commit to serious consideration of political decentralisation, consistent with the principle of a unitary state as enshrined in the constitution, with the aim of drafting legislation; and d) engage with civil society initiatives that seek to foster more representative government and peaceful conflict resolution. To the Separatist Movement: 2. Acknowledge that the protracted violence is detrimental to the well-being and development of the population in the southernmost provinces. 3. Observe obligations of non-state armed actors under international humanitarian law and abide by the rules of engagement issued by the Patani United Liberation Organisation, which prohibit attacks on civilians, displacement of the civilian population and acts of retribution. 4. Recognise that self-determination and maintenance of Thailand’s territorial integrity and sovereignty are compatible and prepare to respond to initiatives by state representatives and civil society to pursue dialogue on peaceful conflict resolution. To Civil Society Organisations: 5. Expand bases of popular support through continued community outreach, while maintaining channels of communication with officials and militants. 6. Avoid advocating preconceived political agendas and instead inform debate on political reform and conflict resolution by identifying and expressing popular concerns and preferences. Bangkok/Brussels, 11 December 2012